Identifying Bed Bugs
Learn About the Different Types & Appearances
Bed bugs may appear similar to other insects, and much like other insects, there are multiple types of bed bugs too. In order to have an effective treatment, identification of the type of bed bug you’re dealing with is a must. A pesticide that may work for one type may not be as effective on others. Therefore, it is important that you know the common types of bed bugs found in homes.
The three main bed bug types in the U.S. that affect the human population are:
They differ in their habitats, food habits, and traits, which proves helpful in identifying them.
The Household Bed Bug
Also known as Cimex Lecturalius, this is the most common type of bed bug. Young ones are very small and translucent in color. There is a great possibility that you may not be able to spot them even if they are moving on your sheets. The adult ones are comparatively larger and may grow up to seven mm in length. They are dark brown in color and a fully fed household bed bug may look like an apple seed. However, spotting them is a difficult task as they generally come out at night only when you are fast asleep.
Household bed bugs can feed on animals and humans alike. However, human blood is their favorite. Even a few bed bugs inadvertently brought into your home can form a colony within a few months. Bed bug control after the initial infestation becomes very difficult and expensive. They reproduce fast and a colony can contain thousands of them.
The Tropical Bed Bug
Also known as Cimex Hemipterus, these bed bugs are found in tropical regions. Florida and other southern states in the U.S. are likely to have them. However, like all bed bug varieties, they are also good hitchhikers and may travel to other places in the luggage of people traveling from tropical areas. They are a bit larger than the household bed bug and may grow up to eight mm in length. They are dark reddish-brown in color and may live up to a year. Tropical bed bugs like to hide in wood and paper and do not prefer stone, plaster, steel, or textile for hiding. They may leave a very foul odor and their bites can cause allergic reactions and irritation.
The Bat Bed Bug
Also known as Cimex Adjunctus, these bed bugs do not prefer human beings as their food source. While they typically feed on the blood of bats, human blood will do if bats are not available. To the naked eye, bat bugs are identical to household bugs. They are five to six mm long and have reddish-brown coloring. However, they have longer hair than common bed bugs, but you will not be able to see that with the naked eye. The only good thing is that once you get rid of a bat infestation in your home, these bugs will go away easily. They like to stay closer to their natural food source.
The small size and indistinguishable features of the various types of bed bugs make the identification difficult. Yet, it is very important for controlling infestations. You must call the experts at the earliest sign of one for effective bed bug control.
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